sophocles facts


His main contribution was the addition of third actor which reduced the importance of the chorus in the presentation of the plot.

Both of his sons became tragedians, but one of them, Iophon, brought a lawsuit against him, in his 90s, saying that Sophocles was doddered and should hand over his estate to his son. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).

9. These few facts are about all that is known of Sophocles’ life.

In Oedipus at Colonus, the banished Oedipus and his daughters Antigone and Ismene arrive at the town of Colonus where they encounter Theseus, King of Athens. Sophocles wrote over 120 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus Rex, Electra, Philoctetes and Oediups At Colonus.

Based on the accounts of the Vita Sophoclis, he served as a general in the Athenian campaign against Samos in 441 BC. Oedipus' death as a child is planned by his parents, Laius and Jocasta, to stop him fulfilling a prophecy. Take a look below for 25 more interesting and awesome facts about Sophocles. Sophocles died aged 90 years old in 406 BCE. Welcomed and set up an altar for the image of Asclepius at his house. Whereas the other story suggests that he choked to death while eating grapes at the Anthesteria festival in Athens. The most famous tragedies of Sophocles feature Oedipus and Antigone. Among his plays, the two most famous tragedies, Oedipus and Antigone are generally known as the Theban plays, even though each play belonged to a part of a different tetralogy. When Sophocles was sixteen, he was chosen to lead the paean, a choral chant to a God, celebrating the Greek victory over the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. Both boys grew up to become tragedians.

Received his first artistic achievement when he won first prize in the Dionysia theatre competition. 6. Even his competitor Aeschylus, who dominated Athenian playwrights during Sophocles' early career, accepted the new idea and adopted it into his own work towards the end of his life. In Oedipus the King, Oedipus is the main character. He studied all of the arts. They imply steady and distinguished attachment to Athens, its government, religion, and social forms. He is credited with diverging from the typical format of a tragedy: he increased the number of speaking actors, increased the number of chorus members, and used painted scenery. In 441 BC, he was elected one of the ten generals, executive officials at Athens, as a junior colleague of Pericles, and he served in the Athenian campaign against Samos. Sophocles, the son of Sophillus, was a rich member of the rural community of Colonus Hippius in Attica, which would later become a setting for his plays, and was probably born there. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 4. Sophocles most famous tragedies featured Antigone and Oedipus. The seven plays of Sophocles that have survived in their entirety include Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Electra, Philoctetes, Oedipus Rex, and Philoctetes and Oediups At Colonus. Copyright © 2020 Tons Of Facts. [2] Sophocles' first great play was in 468 BC when he took first prize in the Dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of Athenian drama, Aeschylus. 2.

Sophocles died at the age of 90 or 91, in 406 BC. Sophocles was a priest of Halon and helped introduce the cult of Asclepius, god of medicine, to Athens.

According to Plutarchthe victory ca… The chief character does something involving grave error; this affects others, each of whom reacts in his own way, thereby causing the chief agent to take another step toward ruin—his own and that of others as well.

Thus the stage is set for horrors.

A servant passes the infant on to a childless couple, who adopt him not knowing his history. In 468 BC Sophocles won first prize in a theatre competition. In 420 BC, when Asclepius was introduced to Athens, he welcomed it and set up an altar for the image of deity at his house. It was believed that he had three more sons, but there is not much information about them. 10. The Suda, which is an ancient 10th Century encyclopedia, from which we know that Sophocles wrote 123 plays out of which we have 7 complete … In 480 BC Sophocles … Sophocles was one of the 10 generals in the military expedition to fight against Samos shortly after this tragic play of Antigone was released in 441 BC. In 413, then aged about 83, Sophocles was a proboulos, one of 10 advisory commissioners who were granted special powers and were entrusted with organizing Athens’ financial and domestic recovery after its terrible defeat at Syracuse in Sicily. Sophocles develops his characters’ rush to tragedy with great economy, concentration, and dramatic effectiveness, creating a coherent, suspenseful situation whose sustained and inexorable onrush came to epitomize the tragic form to the classical world. Oedipus dies and trouble begins between his sons Polyneices and Eteocles. Sophocles is also unsurpassed in his moments of high dramatic tension and in his revealing use of tragic irony. The most famous of Sophocles' tragedies are those about Oedipus and Antigone: these … His father manufactured armour and Sophocles was very well educated growing up. Sophocles won perhaps as many as 24 victories, compared to 13 for Aeschylus and four for Euripides, and indeed he may have never received lower than second place in the competitions he entered. Sophocles works were influential and significant for the Greek culture. The king, Creon, has forbidden the burial of Polyneices for he was a traitor to the city.

18. Sophocles was a playwright and the second of the 3 greatest Greek writers of tragedy (with Aeschylus and Euripides). Apart from making innovations in the dramatic structure, he was also known for his deeper development of characters than the earlier playwrights. According to Greek historian Plutarch, this victory was quite unusual. He wrote over 100 plays and was one of the three famous Greek tragedians (along with Aeschylus and Euripides). Two out of his seven plays can be estimated correctly to their exact dates, which namely are “Philoctetes” (409 BC) and “Oedipus at Colonus” (401 BC, staged after his death by his grandson). Even when Cimon was ostracized by Pericles (Cimon's rival) in 461 BC, Sophocles received no harm. In the beginning of his career, Sophocles received patronage from the politician Cimon.

His character and life philosophy is different than Sophocles’. The criticism has been made that Sophocles was a superb artist and nothing more; he grappled neither with religious problems as Aeschylus had nor with intellectual ones as Euripides had done. For almost 50 years, Sophocles was the most celebrated playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens that took place during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the Dionysia. Facts about Antigone 6: Sophocles.

A crater on the surface of Mercury has been after this ace Greek poet and playwright. In 440 he was elected one of the 10 stratēgoi (high executive officials who commanded the armed forces) as a junior colleague of Pericles.
One of the stories states that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his play, “Antigone” without pausing to take a breath. Seven complete tragedies out of more than 100 survive; fragments exist for 80-90 others. He had two sons, from two different marriages. She bore him a son called Ariston. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( Born in: Hippeios Colonus, Athens, Greece, Quotes By Sophocles | Sophocles was an ancient Greek poet and one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. It is only from the third period that we have examples. Because of his beauty of physique, his athletic prowess, and his skill in music, he was chosen in 480, when he was 16, to lead the paean (choral chant to a god) celebrating the decisive Greek sea victory over the Persians at the Battle of Salamis.

He was born in a rural community of Attica in roughly 497/496 BC to a wealthy family. He was probably born there. His birth took place a few years before the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC: the exact year is unclear, although 497/6 is perhaps most likely.

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