Jessica Morris of Humane Society International calls shark culling a "knee-jerk reaction" and says, "sharks are top order predators that play an important role in the functioning of marine ecosystems. It has a layer of tiny hexagonal plates called "tesserae", which are crystal blocks of calcium salts arranged as a mosaic. instead of having scales, their skin is protected by primitive placoid It is the smallest of the filter-feeding sharks, following the Whale Shark and Basking Shark.
Lamnoids and Carcharhinoids are usually placed in one clade, but recent studies show the Lamnoids and Orectoloboids are a clade.
will hang on to prey like bulldogs.
The jaws of sharks, like those of rays and skates, are not attached to the cranium. into the sea while still living. Sharks, rays, skates and chimaeras belong to the cartilaginous fishes Most sharks live in saltwater environments, although two species can survive in freshwater and saltwater. It has a gray-brown coloring with marble-like skin pattern. They include efforts The young shark hatches
The pointed end of
 The posterior part of a male shark's pelvic fins are modified into a pair of intromittent organs called claspers, analogous to a mammalian penis, of which one is used to deliver sperm into the female. (Galapagos), School of Scalloped hammerhead sharks - Sphyrna lewini - Sphyrna lewini Nurse Sharks (Ginglymostoma Cirratum) are a species of shark that moves slowly, are bottom-dwellers, and have a smooth gray-brown skin that sets them apart from other sharks. Many sharks feed either at dusk or dawn and they have a well-developed They are smaller sharks, † Hybodontiformes Since then, sharks have diversified into over 500 species. and tropical regions. the open. In July 2013, New York state, a major market and entry point for shark fins, banned the shark fin trade joining - Center For Ocean Life", "Female sharks reproduce without male DNA, scientists say", "SHARKS & RAYS, SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS, BIRTH & CARE OF YOUNG", The truth about sharks: Far from being 'killing machines', they have personalities, best friends and an exceptional capacity for learning, "Scientists track shark's 12,000 mile round-trip", "Social learning in juvenile lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris", "Great White Shark Caught On Camera Napping For The First Time", "Order Orectolobiformes: Carpet Sharks—39 species", "The absence of sharks from abyssal regions of the world's oceans", "Statistics on Attacking Species of Shark", "The Sharkman meets Ron & Valerie Taylor", "Jaws Author Peter Benchley Talks Sharks", "How Should We Respond When Humans and Sharks Collide? The deepest confirmed report of a shark is a Portuguese dogfish at 3,700 metres (12,100 ft). these denticles projects toward the tail.
sack of yolk.  Young are born fully formed and self-sufficient.
fish of the world but it is a harmless animal that strains krill (plankton)  Sharks are common down to depths of 2,000 metres (7,000 ft), and some live even deeper, but they are almost entirely absent below 3,000 metres (10,000 ft). The Basking Shark is considered to be endangered. They live along the western Atlantic and eastern Pacific oceans. ", In contrast to the complex portrayals by Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, the European and Western view of sharks has historically been mostly of fear and malevolence. The Elasmobranchii also include rays and skates; the Chondrichthyes also include Chimaeras.
Among a fishing people, the most popular of all aumakua, or deified ancestor guardians, are shark aumakua.
 The smaller catsharks often mate with the male curling around the female.
Small conical teeth help the nurse shark (4.)
The body transforms gradually until the kahuna can point the awe-struck family to the markings on the shark's body that correspond to the clothing in which the beloved's body had been wrapped.
There are over 400 species of sharks. > sharks, Characteristics - Ecology seals, porpoises, whales, molluscs and crustaceans. Some sharks need to keep moving all the times to keep water over their gills, while others have spiracles, an opening behind each eye, that allows them to breath while they are still. Asexual reproduction diminishes genetic diversity, which helps build defenses against threats to the species.
Until the 16th century, sharks were known to mariners as "sea dogs". , One of the biggest differences between the digestive systems of sharks and mammals is that sharks have much shorter intestines. overlap or may be widely spaced. Growing to more than 12 (perhaps 14) meter in length the whale shark
develops in an egg within the female's body. Blacktip Reefshark - Carcharhinus melanopterus, Gray Reefshark - Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, Scalloped Hammerhead Shark - Sphyrna lewini, INFO
 Cross-species social hierarchies exist. and the basking shark strain plankton from the sea through modified A summit cliff on the crater of Kilauea is one of his most sacred spots.  This gives these areas much of the same strength found in the bony tissue found in other animals.
Whale sharks show a beautiful pattern of white spots and bars on  Two years later the Act saw its first legal challenge in United States v. Approximately 64,695 Pounds of Shark Fins.
Goblin Sharks have a unique protruding jaw that extends rapidly to catch prey. It is a tactile sensory system which allows the organism to detect water speed and pressure changes near by. Nurse sharks are noted for their peculiar form of suction feeding.
, In 2009, the International Union for Conservation of Nature's IUCN Red List of Endangered Species named 64 species, one-third of all oceanic shark species, as being at risk of extinction due to fishing and shark finning. Here the shark pumps blood to its gills via the ventral aorta artery where it branches into afferent brachial arteries. Salmon Sharks live in the northern Pacific Ocean by Japan, but can be found in other regions.  Even solitary sharks meet for breeding or at rich hunting grounds, which may lead them to cover thousands of miles in a year.  The oldest generally accepted shark scales are from about 420 million years ago, in the Silurian period. Tiger sharks have a large upper lobe, which allows for slow cruising and sudden bursts of speed. brown, and lemon sharks, are fished commercially for food.  Between 1950 and 2008, 352 tiger sharks and 577 great white sharks were killed in the nets in New South Wales — also during this period, a total of 15,135 marine animals were killed in the nets, including dolphins, whales, turtles, dugongs, and critically endangered grey nurse sharks.
The leopard shark (Stegostoma fasciatum - a single species) is also
Females in many of the larger species have bite marks that appear to be a result of a male grasping them to maintain position during mating.
Members of the family Lamnidae (such as the shortfin mako shark and the great white shark) are homeothermic and maintain a higher body temperature than the surrounding water.  Poachers illegally fin millions each year. food, be aware of the surrounding environment and navigate.  In 2016 a great white shark was captured on video for the first time in a state researchers believed was sleep swimming. side to side, in and out of the "smell corridor", leading
Megamouth sharks are not typically seen as they live anywhere between the water surface and the deep-sea floor.
The young continue to be nourished by the remnants of the yolk and the oviduct's fluids. Many sharks can contract and dilate their pupils, like humans, something no teleost fish can do. For the sport of shark feeding, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory, International Union for Conservation of Nature, United States v. Approximately 64,695 Pounds of Shark Fins, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Sharks, conservation status of reef sharks globally, List of prehistoric cartilaginous fish genera, "Evolutionary pathways toward gigantism in sharks and rays", "The Xoc, the Sharke, and the Sea Dogs: An Historical Encounter", "Biology of Sharks and Rays: 'The Earliest Sharks'", "Ancient Nursery Area for the Extinct Giant Shark Megalodon from the Miocene of Panama", "SHARKS & RAYS, SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS, CIRCULATORY SYSTEM", "Management techniques for elasmobranch fisheries: 14.
, Sharks practice internal fertilization.
Typically, sharks pull water in through their mouths and spiracles The typical lifespan of the Basking Shark is Up to 50 years. This type of swimming
Overall, Hammerheads feed on rays, smaller sharks and many species of bony
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