Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard (Hungarian: Lénárd Fülöp Eduárd Antal; 7 June 1862 – 20 May 1947) was a Hungarian-born German physicist and the winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1905 for his work on cathode rays and the discovery of many of their properties. Philipp Lenard was born in Pressburg (Pozsony, today's Bratislava), on 7 June 1862 in the Kingdom of Hungary. He was the first to recognize that large raindrops are not tear-shaped, but are rather shaped something like a hamburger bun.
Lenard Philip HackelMemphis - Lenard Philip Hackel, 79, died over the weekend at his home. He likened Roentgen’s role to that of a “midwife” who merely assists with the birth. The antagonism between Philipp Lenard and Albert Einstein sheds considerable light on the power of nonscientific concerns to sway scientists. German physicist Philipp Lenard studied under Robert Wilhelm Bunsen and Hermann von Helmholtz, and won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1905 for his investigations of cathode rays (electron beams).  The young Lenard studied at the Pozsonyi Királyi Katolikus Főgymnasium (today Gamča), and as he writes it in his autobiography, this made a big impression on him (especially the personality of his teacher, Virgil Klatt).
Lenard directed his invective at other scientists. His early work included studies of phosphorescence and luminescence and the conductivity of flames.
 During the Nazi regime, he was the outspoken proponent of the idea that Germany should rely on "Deutsche Physik" and ignore what he considered the fallacious and deliberately misleading ideas of "Jewish physics", by which he meant chiefly the theories of Albert Einstein, including "the Jewish fraud" of relativity (see also criticism of the theory of relativity). AKA Philipp Eduard Anton Lenard. Hungarian-German physicist and Nobel laureate, "Waterfall effect" redirects here. The time had come, he argued, to restore experimentalism to its proper place. This theory predicted that the plot of the cathode ray energy versus the frequency would be a straight line with a slope equal to Planck's constant, h. This was shown to be the case some years later. In 1920, just a year before Einstein won the Nobel Prize, the debate between Lenard and Einstein erupted into a duel of words at a major German research conference.  After posts at Aachen, Bonn, Breslau, Heidelberg (1896–1898), and Kiel (1898–1907), he returned finally to the University of Heidelberg in 1907 as the head of the Philipp Lenard Institute. The Helmholtz-Gymnasium Heidelberg had been named the Philipp Lenard Schule from 1927 until 1945. Having made a window for the rays, he could pass them out into the laboratory, or, alternatively, into another chamber that was completely evacuated.
One of his most important contributions was the experimental realization of the photoelectric effect. Instead, he allied himself with Adolph Hitler and used the Nazi party to exile Einstein and many of Europe’s greatest Jewish scientists. He grew extremely resentful of the credit accorded to Wilhelm Roentgen, who received the first Nobel Prize in physics for the discovery of the X-ray, despite the fact that Roentgen was German and a non-Jew.
Genealogy profile for Philip Leonard Philip Leonard (deceased) - Genealogy Genealogy for Philip Leonard (deceased) family tree on Geni, with over 190 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Investigations of cathode rays.  In 1882, Lenard left Budapest and returned to Pressburg, but in 1883, he moved to Heidelberg after his tender for an assistant's position in the University of Budapest was refused. German Ancestry Lenard retired from Heidelberg University as professor of theoretical physics in 1931. , Lenard is remembered today as a strong German nationalist who despised "English physics", which he considered to have stolen its ideas from Germany. He also launched a malicious attack on Einstein, making little attempt to conceal his antipathy toward Jews. Lenard overcame these problems by devising a method of making small metallic windows in the glass that were thick enough to be able to withstand the pressure differences, but thin enough to allow passage of the rays. Consider, for example, one of the great disputes of 20th-century physics, the long-running feud between two world-renowned physicists. Suspicious of the general adulation of Einstein, Lenard became a prominent skeptic of relativity and of Einstein's theories generally; he did not, however, dispute Einstein's explanation of the photoelectric effect.
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