, "Northwest Passage" is an a cappella song written by Stan Rogers. The chorus is by far the most famous part of the song: Gens du pays, c'est votre tour / De vous laisser parler d'amour, which, translated, says, "Folks of the land, it is your turn to let yourselves talk of love." It is bounded to the north by Nunavut territory, to the northeast by Hudson Bay, to the east by Ontario, to the south by the U.S. states of Minnesota …  It was in consideration for official national anthem; however, as no French version was ever written, it was never popular with Francophones.
Manitoba, province of Canada, one of the Prairie Provinces, lying midway between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. , "Ô Canada! The folk songs of traditional music have evolved from the blending of different cultural traditions. The song was written by Dolores Claman, with English lyrics by Richard Morris, French … During the opening ceremonies of the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, "O Canada" was sung in the southern Tutchone language by Yukon native Daniel Tlen. The present-day province straddles the boundary between the Prairie and Central Canada, and it has both a large agricultural sector and a topography similar to those of the provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. The song was selected following a competition mandated by the Alberta Official Song Act, introduced in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in May 2001 and passed in November. It was commissioned by the Progressive Conservative government of John Robarts as the signature tune for a movie of the same name that was featured at the Ontario pavilion at Expo 67, the World's Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, in Canada's Centennial year.
Three decades later, in 1980, the province re-adopted the song as an official provincial anthem. In 2001, Gordon Lightfoot's "Canadian Railroad Trilogy" was honoured as one of the Canadian MasterWorks by the Audio-Visual Preservation Trust of Canada.  At a National Hockey League (NHL) game in Calgary on February 1, 2007, young Cree singer Akina Shirt became the first person ever to perform "O Canada" in the Cree language at such an event. "A Place to Stand, a Place to Grow (Ontari-ari-ari-o!)" On May 20, 1904, it was chosen as Newfoundland's official national anthem (national being understood as a self-governing Dominion of the British Empire on par with Canada). Manitoba has a moderately dry climate with sharp seasonal temperature changes. The words were first published in the June 29, 1835, edition of La Minerve and its music in Le Chansonnier des collèges in 1850; it is uncertain when the lyrics and music were put together, probably by Ernest Gagnon sometime between 1850 and 1868.
Beginning in the fall of 2008 the theme could be heard on hockey broadcasts on the CTV-owned TSN and RDS sports channels. Manitoba’s Western Upland is on the Saskatchewan border.
 It was commissioned by the Centennial Commission (a special Federal Government agency), and written in both of Canada's official languages, English and French. Grouse, prairie chickens, and other game birds live in the uplands, and millions of geese and ducks breed in Manitoba’s sloughs and ponds. Similarly, the province’s political and cultural life has largely avoided the extremes that tend to characterize western Canadian society.
It was used as the theme for Let's Sing Out, a folk music show that aired on CTV and CBC and was the theme song for the Canadian pavilion at Expo 67, and there was once a movement for it to chosen as Canada's national anthem in 1965.  The song appears on an album of the same name released by Rogers in 1981, and is considered one of the classic songs in Canadian music history. "Ode to Newfoundland" is the official provincial anthem of Newfoundland and Labrador. While other areas of the Canadian West have experienced economic cycles of boom and bust, Manitoba has maintained a steadier pace. The official song of the 1970 Manitoba Centennial, sung by Presley Friesen, accompanied by Connie Bryce. It covers about three-fifths of the province and is drained by the Nelson and Churchill rivers into Hudson Bay. Professor of History, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Winnipeg, Manitoba’s largest city, is the capital. Winter temperatures of about −40 °F (−40 °C) may occasionally occur in any part of the province, and summer days of 100 °F (38 °C) are not unusual in the southern regions. Snow typically covers the ground from November to April in the south and even longer in the north.
The Manitoba Lowland to the north is the basin that once held glacial Lake Agassiz, remnants of which include Lake Winnipeg (9,416 square miles [24,387 square km]), Lake Winnipegosis (2,075 square miles [5,374 square km]), and Lake Manitoba (1,785 square miles [4,623 square km]). It was used again in the Ontario's segment of the short film A Place to Stand, which won the 1967 Academy Award for Live Action Short Film.
It is associated with camping and canoeing. It has remained in use through Canada's progression to independence, becoming eventually one of the country's two de facto national anthems. , "Canada", also known as "Ca-na-da", "The Centennial Song", or "Une chanson du centenaire" in French, was written by Bobby Gimby in 1967 to celebrate Canada's centennial and Expo 67. Trees in the north include white and black spruce, jack pine, aspen, white birch, and tamarack.  It was referred to as one of Canada's unofficial anthems by former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, and former Governor General Adrienne Clarkson quoted the song both in her first official address and in her speech at the dedication of the new Canadian embassy in Berlin. More than two-fifths of the province’s land area is forested. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Pop. The Island Hymn was adopted as the provincial anthem by the legislative assembly on May 7, 2010. The music currently used was composed by Jean-Baptiste Labelle. Area 250,116 square miles (647,797 square km), of which about one-sixth is inland water. The Provincial Anthem Act includes a French version of the Island Hymn, adapted by Raymond J. Arsenault of Abram-Village and called L'hymne de l'Île..  Governor Sir Cavendish Boyle composed it in 1902 as a four-verse poem entitled Newfoundland. It quickly became a folk classic, and it has been played frequently at Fête nationale ceremonies since then.
Its subject matter is a romanticized vision of nature and the land from the perspective of an indigenous person, but it remains popular with the non-Aboriginal majority in Canada. , "Alberta" is the official provincial song of Alberta, adopted in preparation for the province's centennial celebrations in 2005. The song appears in the Paul Gross film Men with Brooms (2002). , O Canada (Canada National Anthem) // Calgary 1988 Version. Soil conditions change from south to north. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. , "The Island Hymn" is a provincial anthem of Prince Edward Island. "Canadian Railroad Trilogy" is a song by Gordon Lightfoot that describes the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Average daily temperatures in Winnipeg range from 9 °F (−13 °C) in January to 80 °F (27 °C) in July. (2016) 1,278,365; (2019 est.) Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? is an unofficial anthem of Ontario. Much of this river region is a natural floodplain, which has often been inundated. https://www.britannica.com/place/Manitoba, The Canadian Encyclopedia - Manitoba, Canada, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Manitoba, Canada, Official Site of the Province of Manitoba, Canada, Manitoba - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Manitoba - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).  This distinction was dropped when Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949. Manitoba History: The True Story of the Song “Red River Valley” by James J. Nystrom Bothell, Washington. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 1,369,465. Caribou, Arctic foxes, martens, wolves, otters, lynx, red squirrels, and mink live in the northern forests; deer, moose, cougars, elk, black bears, beavers, weasels, raccoons, red foxes, coyotes, and muskrats inhabit the more southerly areas. Annual precipitation varies from 14 inches (360 mm) in the north to 22 inches (560 mm) in the southeast, with about two-thirds of it falling between May and September. Manitoba became Canada’s fifth province when the area that had been the Red River Settlement was admitted to the confederation in 1870. "O Canada" served as one of two de facto national anthems after 1939, officially becoming Canada's singular national anthem in 1980, when the Act of Parliament making it so received Royal Assent and became effective on July 1 as part of that year's Dominion Day celebrations. Fish include bass, pickerel, sauger, pike, trout, and whitefish. Additionally, the song was covered by John Mellencamp, George Hamilton IV, and James Keelaghan who performed the song on the Lightfoot tribute album, Beautiful. Audio-Visual Preservation Trust of Canada, List of anthems of non-sovereign countries, regions and territories, "Volume 2: Legendary Ballads and Historical Songs", "Canadian Heritage – National Anthem: O Canada", "Canada Alberta: Alberta Provincial Song", Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, "The Hockey Theme returns to Canadians on RDS and TSN", "50 Tracks, list of essential Canadian music", Address by the Prime Minister Stephen Harper, "Her Excellency the Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson: Speech on the Occasion of the Official Opening of the Canadian Embassy", "Edmonton girl to sing anthem in NHL first at Saddledome", https://books.google.com/books?id=3GW1zdRHafUC, "Linda Craig. Extreme southern Manitoba is part of the Saskatchewan plain, a land of rich, level prairies and rolling pastures. Upland plateaus, wooded river valleys, limestone outcrops, forests, and swamps mark the area that is drained by the Red River of the North and the Assiniboine River into Lake Winnipeg. 1970", World Wars and Interwar Years (1914–1945), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anthems_and_nationalistic_songs_of_Canada&oldid=984600299, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 00:39. North of this region, lower-quality black soil and gray wooded soils are found. A third version was published in 1960. is an unofficial anthem of Ontario.
The manuscript music, dated October 27, 1908, and correspondence relating to it are displayed at Green Gables House, Cavendish. The single went on to be the most successful single in Canada in 1967, selling a then unprecedented 270,000 copies.. In 2008 the CBC announced that the negotiations to renew their licence or purchase the theme had been unsuccessful and that they would run a national contest to find a new theme song.
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